SPORTS BIOKHIMIIA

The basic mechanisms of the neuro-hormonal regulation of muscle activity.

Biochemical changes in skeletal muscle, myocardium and liver.

Topic 3. Biochemical changes in the body fatigue

Biochemical factors of fatigue when performing intermittent exercise of maximal and submaximal power.

Factors limiting physical performance of the athlete.

The influence of training on the performance of athletes.

Topic 6. Regularities of biochemical adaptation in the process of sports training

List of computer test questions for final control

1. The basic mechanisms of the neuro-hormonal regulation of muscle activity.

2. Biochemical changes in skeletal muscle, myocardium and liver.

3. Biochemical changes in blood and urine.

4. Biochemical changes in the body fatigue. Species, stage of fatigue, the causes at work of a different nature.

5. Biochemical changes in the body during the period of rest after muscle activity.

6. Biochemical changes in the body during the “immediate” and “delayed” recovery.

7. Heterochronic recovery processes after exercise. Of the recovery phase.

8. Biochemical characterization of motor qualities of strength, speed, endurance, and methods of their training.

9. Biochemical changes in the body during the practice of cyclic sports.

10. Biochemical changes in the body during the practice of acyclic sports.

11. The sequence of biochemical changes in the body during training and stop training.

12. The concept of immediate, delayed and cumulative training effects.

13. The concept of positive and negative training effects. Their biological characteristics, the value in the training process. Maintaining fitness.

14. Types, phases and biochemical regularities of adaptation to muscular activity.

15. ATP is a universal, biological energy source, the concentration in the muscle tissue, causes stability during muscular activity.

16. The biochemical nature of the processes of recovery. The rule of Engelhardt and Weigert law.

17. Nutrition principles for athletes.

18. The power consumption of the organism and its dependence on the work.

19. The nutrient balance in the diet of athletes.

20. Physiological norms of the basic and essential nutrients for different age groups and different sports.

21. The role of individual chemical components of food in providing muscular activity.

22. Nutritional supplements in sports.

23. Tasks and methods of biochemical control in sport.

24. Energy supply in muscle activity in the area of high power.

25. Biochemical entity, classification of physical exercises on the nature of the load.

26. The way education and the elimination of lactic acid in muscular activity.

27. The energy supply of muscular activity in the area of submaximal capacity.

28. The energy supply of muscular activity in the zone of moderate power.

29. MOM, biochemical characterization.

30. Biochemical characterization of the chosen sport.

31. Biochemical study of the principles of sports training.

32. Biochemical characterization of fitness.

36. The balance of aerobic and anaerobic processes, depending on the capacity and duration of exercise.

37. The value of the power PANO in assessing aerobic performance of athletes.

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