Methodological development

Preview:

Healthy teeth – healthy body

Purpose:

1.To teach children to properly care for the oral cavity.

2.To introduce the types of teeth and the construction of the teeth.

3.To nurture a responsible attitude towards their health.

Methods and techniques of work: the word of the master, conversation, practical work.

Before sleep and after sleep,

Hygiene we need!

Washing the eyes, ears, lips,

It is very important to clean……(TEETH)

All the germs ,just the whip

Expel tooth……(BRUSH)

-Who guessed what we’ll be talking today at the lesson?(children)

The theme of our lesson is “Healthy teeth – healthy body”

-Why do people need to have healthy and beautiful teeth?

For biting and chewing food; Properly pronounce the sounds; bad teeth worsen the health of the entire body;

-How many teeth in humans?(32)

-Children until they go to kindergarten. teeth are not permanent; they are calledmilk. 6-7 years to them becomes 20. Some of them have already dropped out, in their place have appeared new, permanent. To 10-11 years usually drop all their teeth, substituted permanent.

III. Activities: analysis of the situation.

In the sky the sun was shining,

Flowers bloomed in the meadows,

Fun kids quiet,

Had fun as they could.

Only Kate is not amused:

In her mouth was “fun”,

Don’t be sad, forget about the tooth,

We just try to make ‘ em laugh…

Only how can you forget,

The pain interferes with her play,

Hammer evil knocking,

How to help it to appease?

– Why do you think toothache Katie? (The tooth is damaged, a hole in it)

-What was the damage?

-What do you do when you have a sore tooth?

IV. Activities: continuation of the conversation.

(Children of the mirror, the teacher layout of the jaw, the poster, “tooth Structure”)

– Take the mirror and look at their teeth. Is it like the teeth on each other? (None)

Teeth in humans are divided into 3 groups:

Cutters (bite) – rabbit, squirrel (rodent) Canines (tear off) – the wolf, the bear, the tiger (predators) Molars peremalivala) cow, horse, (herbivores)

Outside teeth covered with white enamel. It is solid and protects the teeth from damage.

The tooth is a living organ. Each tooth consists of three parts:

Crown – the part of the tooth visible in the oral cavity; the Root part of the tooth, which is located in the jaw; the Neck – portion of the tooth, which is located between the crown and the root, it is covered by the gum.

Hole in the tooth always hurt. And bad teeth harm other organs – heart, kidneys …

Sore teeth and then, when they forget to care: don’t brush after eating, rinse your mouth, and even when not treated with large holes in their teeth. If damage to the tooth is small, then the doctor quickly and without pain will heal. But when a small hole turns into a huge hole, to cure and to save such a tooth is almost impossible.

V. activities: a survey of front, workshop “teeth cleaning”

-How to care for your teeth? (After every meal, and morning and evening, rinse your mouth or brush your teeth)

Who knows that you must have each person for dental care? (Toothbrush, toothpaste)

The brush should choose smooth, soft bristles. Regularly wash it. Change every 3-4 months.

-How to brush your teeth?

(the teacher layout of the jaw)

Produce a short motion, placing the toothbrush at an angle to the tooth. Toothbrush placed at an angle to the tooth, produce a sweeping motion from the gums to the edge of the tooth. Toothbrush placed horizontally and produce movements back and forth. Toothbrush placed vertically, the direction from the gums to the cutting edge of the tooth. Finish brushing your teeth in a circular motion brush the taking of the teeth and gums in serried jaws. The teeth in the stage of teething brush horizontal movements back and forth, positioning the toothbrush as shown in the figure. Do not forget to clean the tongue.

VI. Activities: the workshop “Funny and sad tooth”, the conversation

Today, we came to visit the Tooth fairy. In her Kingdom, there was trouble: some teeth go joyful, others sad. She’s asking us for help. Look at the Board (on the Board sad and happy tooth, cards with words). Divide the words into two groups.

Happy tooth Sad tooth

(vegetables, milk, fruit, fish) (soft drinks, chips, candy)

-How to eat, keep his teeth strong and healthy?

Calcium – dairy products; Fat, protein – meat, fish, Carbohydrates –breads, cereals, Vitamins – fruits, vegetables.

VII. Activities: the cartoon show “Dr. Rabbit and the legend of tooth Kingdom”.

-As children struggled with carious monster?

-What I learned about frequent snacking?

The end of the lesson.

-Why teeth need to care?

-How many times a day to brush your teeth?

-Tell how to protect your teeth?

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